These are the plastic items that most kill marine animals

How do we protect whales and other marine animals from plastic in the ocean? Our new Review Shows that reduce plastic pollution can prevent the deaths of beloved marine species. More than 700 marine speciesIncluding, half of the world’s Cetaceans (such as whales and dolphins), all its sea turtles and a third of its sea birds, are known to ingest plastic.

When animals eat plastic, it can block their digestive system, leading to a long, slow death from starvation. Sharp pieces of plastic can also pierce the intestinal wall, causing infection and sometimes death. as little as A piece of plastic can kill an animal.

About eight million tons of plastic enters the ocean every year, So solving the problem may seem overwhelming. How do we reduce the damage to whales and other marine animals with that plastic?

As the hospital is filled with patients, we maneuver. By identifying objects that are lethal to the most vulnerable species, we can implement solutions that target these most lethal objects.

Some plastics are deadly than others

In 2016, experts identified four main items they consider to be the deadliest to wildlife: Fishing debris, plastic bags, balloons and plastic utensils.

We tested these expert predictions by assessing data from 76 published research papers involving 1,328 marine animals (132 cetaceans, 20 seals and sea lions, 515 sea turtles, and 658 seabirds) out of 80 species.

We examined which items caused the most deaths in each group, and also the “lethality” (how many deaths per interaction) of each item. We found that experts got it right for three out of four items.

Plastic bags float in the ocean.