Dozens of Egyptian Tombs Will Be Unearthed at Saqqara Necropolis

Archaeologist in Egypt Preparing to open 3,000-year-old burial shafts in the Sakkara Necropolis south of Cairo in the coming week.

The unexplored mausoleum is one of 52 burial shafts, near the much older pyramid of Pharao Teti. Earlier this week, workers at the site received entry to the latest shaft as they were preparing to announce the tombs of other leaders on the site, including the graves of military leaders and high-ranking courtiers, the Book of the Dead. A copy was included, and the ancient board game. Further discoveries include the name of the owner of an elaborate morchari temple near the Pyramid of Teti: Narat or Nurt, Queen of the Pharaohs.

“I have never heard of this queen before.” So we add an important part of Egyptian history about this queen, ”Zahi Howas, archaeologist and former minister of Ancient Egypt, told CBS News. Archaeologists first unearthed the stone temple in 2010, but it was not clear for whom the grand structure was built. In temples of such fronts, priests and supporters could make offerings to the deceased queen to keep them comfortable in her life – and ask them to help her in this world.

(Side note: living examples of ancient Egyptian prayer for the dead often include reminders that if the dead do not do their part and help the living, the living can easily forget to make offerings and pray for the dead .Mummy’s curse was really just with his ungrateful grandson.)

Excavations over the past decade have revealed three mud-brick warehouses alongside the temple, where the priests must have collected equipment and offerings for the deceased Queen Narat. Recently, archaeologists found that the name of Narat was inscribed on a fallen obelisk near the temple’s main gate. One of the walls of the temple re-named.

The queen’s temple is near her husband’s pyramid in Sakkara. Together, they established the last dynasty of the Old Kingdom of Egypt; After 150 years and six kings, the country turned into political chaos of the first intermediate period.

Practically in the shadow of Teti’s pyramids, 52 recently excavated burial shafts at the site date to the New Kingdom of Egypt, a set of dynasties that ruled from about 1570 to 1069 BCE. The oldest tombs in Sakkara are older than in Egypt, dating back to the prewar period, when the lands along the banks of the Nile were divided into several smaller states. For the next three thousand years, some great and powerful Egyptians continued to return to build their tombs. The temple complex for pharaohs at a distance of 7 kilometers of the desert, there are elaborate temples with graves of generals, princes and nobles.

Egyptian archaeologists have unearthed about 50 wooden sarcophagi from burial shafts, 10 to 12 meters deep rectangular pits covered with wooden planks or stone slabs. Coffins are much less ornate than royal burials, but they still suggest that their occupants were people of wealth and status. They are illustrated with portraits of the deceased, scenes and lifestyles of the gods, and The Book of the Dead: a collection of prayers and instructions to guide the dead person through the various trials and challenges that come their way . the afterlife. Think of it as the original version Handbook for the recently deceased From the movie Beetle Juice.

In a burial shaft, archaeologists found the remains of a copy of Chapter 17 of the text. The 4-meter-long, 1-meter-wide papyrus scroll was of a man named Bu-Kha-Af, who we know because his name is written on it. The name of Bu-Kha-Af appears on his satire and also on the four wooden and ceramic sculptures called Hamahbatis, which were to come in life and to serve as servants in later life .

His presence, along with painted coffins and high-status real estate, marks Boo-Kha-Af as a member of the Ancient Percent. He is buried near a military leader whose tomb contains a bronze ax, just in case he is called out of retirement by Osiris.