France’s top diplomat at the talks, Lawrence Tubiana, said there was another significant innovation he called “360 degree diplomat”. This means not only working through standard government channels, ministerial meetings and chatting between officials, but also making businesses, local government and city mayors, civil society, academics and citizens part of the conversation.
“It was a very important part [the success] Paris, ”she said. The UK has taken a similar approach, with a civil society platform to ensure people’s voices are heard, and to ensure A specially convened council of youth advising the UN Secretary-General. The UK’s high-level champion, Nigel Topping, is coordinating a “race to zero” by which companies, cities, states and other sub-national governments commit themselves to reaching net zero emissions.
A big issue is outstanding ahead of Cop26 Finance. Bringing in developing countries, who are facing the brunt of a problem, for which they made little effort, as the Paris Agreement was necessary. Fabius said the key was a pledge of financial support. The French government had to reassure the poor countries that $ 100 billion a year for financial aid would be forthcoming to poor countries to cut their emissions and deal with the effects of the climate crisis. “Money, money, money,” Fabius insisted, was at the heart of the negotiations. “If you don’t have $ 100 billion [the talks will fail]. “
As for the uk Host of cop26The question of money presents more of a problem since the Chancellor Sage craze, with his ax in the foreign aid budget Recent spending review. However, the £ 11 billion designated for climate aid will be ring-finned, persuading other developed countries to part with cash and showing developing countries that the UK is on their side – has suddenly become more difficult. Britain’s former Energy and Climate Minister, who represented the UK at the Paris talks, said “a country that understood the seriousness of COP 26 would not cut international aid right now.”
The chairman of Cop26 and the UK’s trade secretary, Alok Sharma, will draw on his experience as the UK’s former international development minister in dealing with the expectations of developing countries. He said, “I fully ensure that we have very important finance for climate change action.” That is why we have protected international climate finance. I think people understand that we are in a difficult economic situation. We have said that when the economy improves, we would like to restore [overseas aid as 0.7 percent of GDP]. I think we are putting our best foot forward when it comes to climate change. “
Boris Johnson will expect to be comfortable on these difficult issues when he, along with the French government and the United Nations, presides over a virtual meeting of world leaders on 12 December, on the fifth anniversary of the Paris Agreement. At least 70 world leaders are expected to attend, and will be pushed to bring forward the new NDC and other policy commitments as a platform towards the Cop 26 summit.
Johnson closed the preparations for the meeting on 4 December UK announces its NDCBy 2030, setting a 68 percent reduction in emissions compared to 1990 levels. This would put Britain ahead of other developed economies, cut emissions and move faster than any G20 country.
However, critics said the UK is not on track to meet its own Present Climate target, for 2023. More detailed policy measures are likely to be needed, some of them involving major changes and winner as well as economic losses, before the path to net zero is clear.